Australian Open

HISTORY

To find records of Australia’s first major tennis tournament you have to look back to 1880.

In 1904, six Australian state tennis associations and the governing body of the game in New Zealand amalgamated to form the Lawn Tennis Association of Australasia.

The following year a tournament was created to showcase the sport – the Australasian men’s championships. The tournament was staged at the Albert Reserve in Melbourne, on the lawns of the Warehouseman’s Cricket Club.

A small field of 17 was assembled for the event – which would become the Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific - with Dr Arthur Curtis and Rodney Heath the two competitors who fought out the final. Heath prevailed in front of a crowd of around 5,000.

Rod Laver Arena

This was the first chapter in a story that has now spanned over a century.

The following year the event was to be held in Christchurch, New Zealand – the first of two occasions that New Zealand would host the event. The other occurred six years later, when the city of Hastings staged the tournament in 1912.

New Zealand split from the tennis association partnership in 1922 – the same year that the first women’s championships were held. In that tournament Margaret Molesworth triumphed over Esna Boyd. Remarkably, Boyd would go on to finish runner-up for the next four years.

The championships have been staged predominantly in Australia. Seven different cities have played host to the tournament, including Melbourne (52 times), Sydney (17 times), Adelaide (14 times), Brisbane (7 times), Perth (3 times), Christchurch (once) and Hastings (once). With the exception of 1916-1918 (during World War I) and 1941-1945 (during World War II) the tournament has been held annually. The 2008 Australian Open will mark the 96th staging of the event.

The tournament’s name has undergone two name changes in its history. The first came in 1927 when it became known as the Australian Championships. Then in 1969, the name we currently know – the Australian Open – became the official title. The name ‘Open’ was adopted as it was the first time both professionals and amateurs could compete at the tournament.

The 1971 Open was the last time that the tournament would be played outside Melbourne. White City, Sydney, played host to the event that saw two Australian tennis legends Ken Rosewall and Pat CashMargaret Court claim the respective singles’ titles.

The Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club became the adopted home of the Australian Open in 1982.

The eighties marked an era of change for tennis in Australia. In 1986, the game’s governing body began trading as “Tennis Australia” and in that same year there was to be no competition for the Open, as the tournament had been allocated a permanent time slot in January from the following year. The Australian Open would become the first Grand Slam on the annual tennis calendar.

1987 saw the last staging of the Open on grass. In an epic five set encounter, Stefan Edberg defeated Pat Cash in the men’s final in front of a capacity crowd at Kooyong. Hana Mandilkova was the women’s champion.Rebound Ace

In 1988, Tennis Australia and the Open established a new home at Flinders Park (now Melbourne Park). The tournament was played on Rebound Ace for the first time. More than 266,000 fans came through the gates that year – a drastic increase in attendance from Kooyong. And this number would continue to grow.

A $25 Million revamp of the Melbourne Park facilities in the mid-nineties saw a party and carnival atmosphere engulf the Australian Open. Fans swarmed to Melbourne Park to experience the first Grand Slam of the year.

Roger Federer

Prior to the 2000 tournament, the centre court was christened Rod Laver Arena.

The $65-million development of Vodafone Arena was one of the most significant advancements in the Open’s history. The tournament could now boast claim to a second state-of-the-art facility. The highlight of both stadiums is the presence of a retractable roof. This feature ensures that play can continue irrespective of inclement weather.

The retractable roof has been such a hit in the world of tennis that Wimbledon is now following our lead, with the Centre Court undergoing a radical re-development, including the installation of a similar roof. The tournament, which has so often plagued by poor weather, has taken a leaf out of our book in attempt to allay the fears of organisers.

Today, the Australian Open remains one of the greatest events on the Australian sporting calendar. Nicknamed the “Happy Slam” by many of tennis’ elite including Roger Federer, the Grand Slam of Asia/Pacific never fails to deliver a highlight. The fact that a record 554,858 fans attended the 2007 Open shows the tournament is continuing to grow.

True Blue Plexicushion

This is sure to continue in 2008. The introduction of the new “True Blue” Plexicushion surface will offer something new for players and fans alike. And the Hawk-Eye Video Line Calling, which so often leaves fans on the edge of their seats awaiting a line call, will be used for the first time at Vodafone Arena. Make no mistake Australian Open 2008 has a surprise in store for everyone.

So get set as the “world comes to play.” Steeped with over 100 years of tradition, the Australian Open is one of the world’s greatest sporting events. This year, the players will aim to etch their names in history on the tournament’s honour rolls. And you, too, can be a part of history by simply being there.


GREAT CHAMPIONS

Jack CrawfordJack Crawford
Australian Champion 1931, 1932, 1933,1935
Christened John Herbert, 'Jack', Crawford was born in Albury on 22 March 1908 and won the Australian Open four times, from 1931-33 and in 1935.
Known as Gentleman Jack because of his impeccable sportsmanship, Crawford's good looks and stylish play are credited with transforming tennis from a minor to a major Australian sport in the late 1920s. He was so poised and graceful on court that his fans claimed he could have played with a book balanced on his head.
The New South Welshman made his debut at the Australian Championships in 1927, losing an epic first round against Gar Moon.
In 1928 he reached the quarterfinal where he lost to Jean Borotra, the most accomplished international opponent he'd faced in his career to that point.
World No.1 Borotra declared his opponent a future world champion, saying he'd never seen a young player with such great ability and promise and that there were no limits to what Crawford might achieve. Three years later the Frenchman's assessment proved correct when Crawford defeated Harry Hopman in four sets to win the 1931 title, defending the crown over the same opponent in 1932.
At the peak of his powers in 1933, Crawford won his third Australian title, beating American Keith Gledhill in the final. He rolled on to victories at the French Open and Wimbledon and, at Forest Hills later that year, came within one set of becoming the first person in history to win all four majors, losing to Fred Perry in the US Championships final 3-6 13-11 6-4 0-6 1-6.
Perry underlined his dominance over Crawford in the 1934 Australian final but the Aussie turned the tables on the Brit in 1935. Winning the last of his six major singles titles 2-6 6-4 6-4 6-4, in what was his seventh appearance in the final of the championships, Crawford ultimately posted a 52-15 win-loss record at the tournament.

Roy EmersonRoy Emerson
Australian Championships 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967
Roy Emerson made an inauspicious debut at the Australian Championships in 1954, losing in the first round to George Worthington. "Apparently I lost the last two sets 6-0 6-0," says Emmo of the match. "Happily senility is setting in and I have no memory of that at all!"
Right-handed six-footer Emerson was slim, quick and famed for his fitness. He won his first major singles title in Melbourne in 1961, defeating Rod Laver in the final.
"Emerson's victory will be widely toasted tonight in the little town of Blackbutt, 100 miles north-west of Brisbane where the bronzed super-fit new champion first started the long climb to tennis stardom," reported the Melbourne Age.
While it was the first of seven-consecutive singles finals appearances Down Under, it was another two years before Emerson tasted Grand Slam glory again.
Resisting the lure of the professional tour, Emerson's victory over countryman Ken Fletcher in Adelaide in 1963 was the first of five-straight men's singles titles at the Australian Championships.
His victory over Fred Stolle in the 1964 final marked the start of an outstanding year on the amateur circuit during which he notched up a 55-match winning streak, ascended to the world No.1 spot and won 17 tournaments including Wimbledon and the US Championships.
Emerson's 1966 6-4 6-8 6-2 6-3 final win over Arthur Ashe was billed as the 'Match of the Year' by the media. He had to fight hard to reach the same stage in 1967, taking 83 games and nearly four hours to battle past Tony Roche in the semifinal before crushing Ashe (who'd endured his own four hour semifinal) 6-4 6-1 6-4.
Winning his record sixth Australian title (and eleventh singles major) in 1967, Emerson broke Bill Tilden's record of 10, and went on to win his twelfth major at Roland Garros to set a benchmark that lasted until Pete Sampras recorded his thirteenth Slam win at Wimbledon in 2000.
He remains the only male player in history to have won singles and doubles titles at all four majors and he holds a record 28 Slam titles in total.

Ken RosewellKen Rosewall
Australian champion 1953, 1955, 1971

Legendary for his perfect backhand, his nickname (Muscles - an ironic -reference to his slight frame), and his on-court agility, four-time Australian champion Ken Rosewall is probably most famous for the longevity of his campaign Down Under.
In 1953 Rosewall's parents listened on the radio as the 18-year-old No.3 seed became the tournament's youngest champion with a 6-0 6-3 6-4 victory over Mervyn Rose. It Rosewall's first Grand Slam title and he met his future wife, Wilma, during the Melbourne event.
Rosewall won his second Australian title in 1955 in Adelaide. Having spent the morning of the final watching Australia play England in the fourth test at the Adelaide Oval, he dashed over to Memorial Drive and beat Lew Hoad 9-7 6-4 6-4 before returning to watch the cricket until stumps.
Turning professional in 1957, the New South Welshman didn't play the tournament again until 1969 when he reached the third round.
Although now old enough to be classed a veteran, Rosewall rated the 1971 event played in Sydney (the last to be played outside Melbourne) as the best grass court performance of his career. He attributed his third title to the serve-volley game he'd developed as a pro, beating Arthur Ashe 6-1 7-5 6-3 in the final, and not dropping a set the entire tournament.
He defended the title in 1972, defeating Mal Anderson 7-6 6-3 7-5 in the final for his fourth and last Australian trophy - a win for the record books. At 37 years and two months Rosewall was the tournament's oldest champion, the combined age of the two finalists (73) was a tournament record and the 19-year-span between Rosewall's first and last title was a Grand Slam record.
The Sydney-sider played his last Australian match as a 43-year-old in 1978, reaching the third round. To honour his extraordinary career, on December 9 2008 the centre court at Sydney Olympic Park was renamed Ken Rosewall Arena.

Rod LaverRod Laver
Australian champion 1960, 1962, 1969
Rod Laver remembers his first Australian title in 1960 as: "a bit of a struggle".
In the pre-tiebreak era, he had to battle his way through an 11-9 set against Warren Jacques in round two, an 8-6 set against Ken Fletcher in the quarterfinal and a 9-7 set against Roy Emerson in the semifinal.
In the decider the Rockhampton Rocket gave Neale Fraser a two-set head start, fighting back only to face match points trailing 4-5 in the fifth. He hung on, breaking back to level the match and eventually running out the champion 5-7 3-6 6-3 8-6 8-6.
Laver's 1962 Australian title represented the first leg of his first calendar year Grand Slam and marked what he described as "a life changing run of success". Having beaten Roy Emerson 8-6 0-6 6-4 6-4 on a windy White City centre court, the Queenslander went on to win the French Open and Wimbledon titles, sealing the deal at Forest Hills in New York to become the first man since Don Budge to accomplish a Slam.
Turning pro, Laver had to skip Australia until tennis went 'Open' in 1969. Playing in his home state at the Milton Tennis Centre, he again found things tough going - this time because of the weather conditions. Heavy rain delayed early matches and when Queensland's hot, humid climate kicked in Laver found himself playing overtime, beating Fred Stolle and Emerson in the space of 24 hours.
With only a handful of spectators willing to brave the heat, Laver battled through a four-hour five-set semifinal against Tony Roche before defeating Andres Gimeno 6-3 6-4 7-5 for the trophy. It was his last Australian title and the start of another historic sweep of the majors for Laver, the only man in history to have achieved a double Slam.
In 2000, Melbourne Park's centre court was re-named Rod Laver Arena, the modest star saying: "I could never have dreamt that my name would end up on the stadium".

Mats WilanderMats Wilander
Australian Open champion 1983, 1984, 1988
Australian Open 1983 is widely regarded as the tournament at which Swede Mats Wilander learned to volley.
Played on grass at Kooyong, the baseliner's attacking play improved noticeably over the tournament fortnight and by the latter stages he was out-volleying renowned net specialists including Paul McNamee in the fourth round, defending champion Johan Kriek in the quarterfinal and John McEnroe in the semifinal.
In the final the 19-year-old faced another baseline specialist, Ivan Lendl, defeating the Czech 6-1 6-4 6-4 to claim what was his ninth title of the season. The victory made Wilander the youngest Australian Open champion since Ken Rosewall in 1953.
Wilander's grass court credentials established, he was seeded No.2 going into Australian Open 1984. This time his title campaign was more straightforward. He dropped one set in his quarterfinal against Stefan Edberg and again trampled Kriek's hopes, this time crushing the South African 6-1 6-0 6-2 in a 63-minute semifinal. The final was tougher, the Swede coming back to overcome Kevin Curren 6-7(5) 6-4 7-6(3) 6-2.
Seeded No.3 behind Edberg and Lendl, and with four years since he last held the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, Wilander wasn't really viewed as a serious contender as Australian Open 1988 kicked off at its new venue, Flinders Park. Nevertheless, the Swede reached his semifinal without dropping a set and raced to a 6-3 4-1 lead in the final against Pat Cash before rain stopped play.
Cash fought back, taking the second and third sets before slumping in the fourth. The fifth set was a knock-down, drag out affair that saw Wilander save two match points before running out the winner 6-3, 6-7, 3-6, 6-1, 8-6 in four hours and 28-minutes.
The victory made him the first man since Jimmy Connors to win Grand Slam titles on grass, clay and hard courts and the first non-Australian to win three titles at the tournament where he ultimately accumulated a 36-7 win-loss record.

Andre AgassiAndre Agassi
Australian champion 1995, 2000, 2001, 2003
If 'Aussie Kim' Clijsters had an adopted brother he would surely be Andre Agassi.
The American made a debut befitting his flamboyant reputation in Melbourne in 1995. He was at the centre of the Rod Laver Arena flood drama, his semifinal against Aaron Krickstein interrupted as rainwater poured down from the stands in torrents. And his final against Pete Sampras was equally dramatic, the newbie defeating the defending champion 4-6 6-1 7-6(6) 6-4 for his second-consecutive Slam title.
It was another five years before Agassi reclaimed the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, winning a classic 6-4 3-6 6-7(0) 7-6(5) 6-1 stouch with old rival Sampras in the semifinal before beating Kafelnikov 3-6 6-3 6-2 6-4 in the final.
The proud owner of five Grand Slam trophies, Agassi made his first title defense of his career at Australian Open 2001. And, while his final against Arnaud Clement was a one-sided affair, his semifinal against Pat Rafter was an all-time tournament classic.
In a night match played in stifling conditions, the Las Vegas showman trailed one set to two before coming back to defeat Rafter - who fell victim to cramp in the humid conditions - in five sets.
Agassi was absent in 2002 but returned triumphantly in 2003, dropping only 19 games in the last three rounds of the tournament, ultimately defeating Rainer Schuettler 6-1 6-2 6-1 for the title.
"I'll never forget being here, I'll never forget playing for you and I'll never forget the support and the love I've always felt coming down here," said Agassi after claiming his Australian trophy. "I feel like I'm half Australian."
It turned out to be Agassi's eighth and last Slam title. He reached the semifinal in 2004 and played his last Australian Open match in 2005, fittingly a quarterfinal against Roger Federer, posting a remarkable 48-5 win-loss record at the tournament.

Roger FedererRoger Federer
Australian champion 2004, 2006, 2007, 2010
Still mid-career, Roger Federer has already created a memorable legacy at the Australian Open. He made his Melbourne debut in 2000 reaching the third round, and has never fallen short of that performance in eight appearances Down Under.
Dressed in his trademark red shirt and white headband, Federer's victory over Marat Safin in the 2004 final was the second Grand Slam title of his career and secured his place in history as the first Swiss man to win an Australian Open trophy. It elevated him to the world No.1 ranking setting him on the path to another record, his 237-week reign from that point making him the longest-serving world No.1 in history.
After losing to Safin in the semifinal of Australian Open 2005, throwing away a match point in the fourth set tiebreak with a dubious between the legs shot, Federer returned in 2006 to win the title over Marcos Baghdatis. The occasion, which saw Federer drop the first set to the Cypriot before winning 5-7 7-5 6-0 6-2, was momentous, the Swiss man weeping as his hero Rod Laver presented him with the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup. "I hope you know how much this means to me," he sobbed wiping tears from his eyes.
The win made him the first since Pete Sampras in 1994 to win three-consecutive majors and was Federer's seventh Slam title, tying him with John McEnroe, John Newcombe and Mats Wilander.
Federer's third Australian title in 2007 was remarkable, not so much by the nature of his victory as by the records he set as a result of his 7-6(2) 6-4 6-4 win over Fernando Gonzalez. His tenth major, Federer became the first man since Bjorn Borg in 1980 to win a Grand Slam without dropping a set.

The triumph marked the start of a winning spree that also saw him claim the 2007 Wimbledon and US Open titles, making him the only man to perform that triple feat three times (in 2004, 06 and 07).

Federer's fourth Australian Open crown in 2010 was particularly special, the Swiss maestro capturing his 16th major title to put him two ahead of Pete Sampras and further establish himself as one of the game's greats. He also became the first father to win a Grand Slam since Andre Agassi in 2003 and the fifth man in the tournament's history to win the trophy four times.


Daphne AkhurstDaphne Akhurst
Australian Champion 1925, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1930
Born in Sydney on 22 April 1903, Daphne Akhurst achieved much during her tragically short life, winning five Australian singles titles and nine Australian doubles titles between 1924 and 1931.
Making her debut at the tournament in 1924, Akhurst reached the second round where she fell to Esna Boyd. That match saw the dawning of a rivalry that spanned five years until Boyd's retirement in 1928.
Akhurst exacted revenge over her adversary the following year, claiming her first Australian Championship title after a nervous start 1-6 8-6 6-4 in the pre-tiebreak era.
The New South Welshwoman backed up her win in 1926 with a more straightforward 6-1 6-3 victory, illness partially to blame for her three-set concession of the 1927 final that afforded Boyd her only Australian title.
The pair's 1928 final showdown was described by the Argus newspaper as "as fine an exhibition of women's tennis as has been seen in Australia for some time." Akhurst's steady style of play comprehensively outfoxed hard-hitting Boyd, earning her a 7-5 6-2 victory and her third Australian title. She became the first Aussie woman to reach the world top 10 the same year, peaking at No.3.
Scoring finals victories over Louie Bickerton in 1929 and Sylvia Harper in 1930, Akhurst cemented her status as Australia's most prolific champion of the era. Today she ranks third on the Australian all-time singles champion list behind Margaret Court and Nancye Wynne Bolton.
Married, Akhurst won her last Australian title - the women's doubles with Bickerton - in 1931 as Mrs Roy Cozens. Two years later, in 1933, she suffered an ectopic pregnancy and died aged 29.
The Australian Open women's singles trophy is named the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup in her honour.

Joan Hartigan
Australian Champion 1933, 1934, 1936
One of the first players to be known to fans by her Christian name (rather than as Miss or Mrs), Joan Hartigan made her debut at the Australian Championships as a junior in 1931.
Born on 6 June 1912, Hartigan was an exuberant player idolised by school children who loved her hard-hitting forehand and light-hearted approach to the game. Her style was also remarkable because the tall, slim player hit what was known as an 'upside down backhand'; stroking the shot with the same face of the racquet that she hit her forehand.
She made her senior debut at the tournament in 1931 as well, losing in the first round to Marjorie Crawford, before returning in 1933 to take the title for the first time over Coral Buttsworth 6-4 6-3 in Melbourne.
Hartigan backed up her victory in 1934, defeating Margaret Molesworth 6-1 6-4 in the singles final and teaming with Gar Moon in the mixed doubles to also take that title in the tournament played in Sydney. It was the start of a fruitful year for Hartigan, the New South Welshwoman becoming the first Aussie woman to make an international impact when she reached the Wimbledon semifinal later that year.
Skipping the 1935 tournament (the year in which she later reached her second Wimbledon semifinal), Hartigan won her third Australian singles title in 1936 defeating Nancye Wynne 6-4 6-4 in the championship match.
While she continued to contest the event up until the World War II break, reaching the semifinal of the eight-woman draw in 1939 and 1940, she never won the trophy again and didn't return to the sport after the war years. Ranked in the top 10 in 1934, Hartigan reached her career-high ranking of No.8 that year and was also a top 10 player in 1935. She died on 31 August 2000.

Nancy Wynne BoltonNancye Wynne Bolton
Australian Champion 1937, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1951
The Australian Championships' second most successful female champion in history, Nancye Wynne was born on 10 June 1916 in Melbourne.
Her dominance of the tournament spanned World War II and she was rated by fellow Aussie John Bromwich as "our best, even though the war cut into her prime years and she didn't have many opportunities to travel".
Despite the restrictions of the era Wynne managed to reach the final of the tournament eight times in a campaign spanning 16 years, the first coming in Adelaide in 1936 when, aged 19, she fell 6-4 6-4 to Joan Hartigan. She won the title 6-3 5-7 6-4 over Emily Westacott in 1937 and again in 1940, defeating Thelma Coyne 5-7 6-4 6-0 before the war pressed the pause button on her career and the sport as a whole.
Returning to competition in 1946, a war widow and playing under the surname of her late husband Sgt George Bolton, Nancye exerted a stranglehold on the Australian title winning three in a row with ruthless victories over Joyce Fitch, Nell Hopman and Marie Toomey. The Adelaide Advertiser said of her 6-4 6-4 win over Fitch that Bolton displayed "a brand of tennis which places her in a class of her own among women players in Australia".
American Doris Hart broke the Aussie's winning streak in 1949, taking the trophy match 6-3 6-4 but Bolton was not done with her home tournament, winning the Sydney event in 1951 to complete her collection of six Australian singles titles for an eventual win-loss record of 41-5.
And she wasn't just a solo success, amassing a further 14 Australian titles in the doubles arena, 10 in women's doubles partnering Thelma Long, and four in the mixed.

Margaret CourtMargaret Court
Australian champion 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1970, 1971,1973
With 11 Australian singles, and five doubles, titles to her name Margaret Court (nee Smith) is arguably the greatest female player in the tournament's history. While not all her victories were earned in the Open era, no other player has dominated Down Under in the way that Court did in the 1960s and '70s.
Making her debut in Adelaide in 1959 aged 17, Margaret Smith was the youngest player in the tournament's history losing in the second round to eventual champion and No.4 seed Mary Reitano.
In Brisbane in 1960 Smith lost the final of the girls' singles to Lesley Bowrey, only to win the women's singles the next day over Jan Lehane. That victory was the first of seven-straight Australian Open singles titles for the Albury-born Aussie.
The hype surrounding Smith's 1965 final against Maria Bueno inspired organisers to schedule the match on Kooyong's centre court, striking a blow for equality in an era when the women's decider was typically banished outside.
In 1967, with seven titles to her credit, Smith took a year off and married Barry Court. She returned as Margaret Court in 1968, losing to Billie Jean King in the final before returning to her winning ways in Brisbane in 1969, avenging the 1968 loss by defeating King 6-4 6-1 in the final.
That victory marked the start of a Grand Slam gallop, the 27-year-old winning in Sydney in 1970 to kick off her sweep of that year's majors, and claiming the Australian Open trophy at the same venue in 1971.
In 1972 Court took time off for the birth of her first child, Daniel, returning to the tour in 1973 to claim her 11th and last Australian Open singles title.
She made her final appearance at the tournament in 1975, losing in the quarterfinal to a young Martina Navratilova. "By then I had won everything and achieved all my goals," she said.
In 2003 Australian Open organisers renamed Show Court One Margaret Court Arena in recognition of her incredible achievements.

Evonne Goolagong CawleyEvonne Goolagong Cawley
Australian champion 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977
On arriving in Melbourne for the 1974 championships Evonne Goolagong Cawley must have wondered what it took to win her home Grand Slam title. The 23-year-old had already made three-consecutive finals appearances, falling twice to Margaret Court (in 1971 and '73) and once to Virginia Wade (in 1972).
It might have been a long time coming, but once Goolagong Cawley solved the Australian Open puzzle there was no stopping her. Her first victory at the 1974 championships was a hard-fought affair, the Sydneysider winning through three-setters in the quarterfinals, semifinals and final, which was against Chris Evert in the first championship match of the pair's great rivalry.
Played in oppressive heat and humidity, Goolagong Cawley took a shower between the second and third sets, returning to claim the title with her trademark wet handkerchief tied around her neck.
Prior to the 1975 tournament Goolagong Cawley suffered an off-court blow when her father Ken was killed in a car accident. And, while she didn't drop a set en route to her 6-3 6-2 defeat of Martina Navratilova in the final, the strain showed during the presentation ceremony with the 24-year-old weeping on her coach Vic Edwards' shoulder.
The winning formula now clearly in her possession, Goolagong Cawley coasted through the extreme temperatures and gale force winds that challenged during Australian Open 1976, turning in another set-perfect score sheet and defeating Renata Tomanova 6-2 6-2 in the final.
Pregnant with her daughter Kelly, Goolagong Cawley missed the January 1977 edition of the Australian Open, returning for the December installment of the tournament to again claim victory, this time over Helen Gourlay, and become the first mother in the Open era to win a Grand Slam title.
It was the last time Goolagong Cawley made the final of her home tournament although she played on a further three occasions. When she finally waved goodbye to her fans she owned an impressive 39-9 win-loss record.

Martina NavratilovaMartina Navratilova
Australian champion 1981, 1983, 1985
Longevity was the name of the game for Martina Navratilova at the Australian Open. She made her debut as tournament top seed in 1980, losing to Wendy Turnbull in the semifinal, and played her last doubles matches in Melbourne in 2005, reaching the mixed semifinal with Max Mirnyi and the women's doubles quarterfinal with Daniela Hantuchova.
Having aacclimatised to Kooyong's grass courts in 1980, the Czech-born American returned in 1981 to claim her first Australian title over Chris Evert in a match that perfectly showcased their burgeoning rivalry.
The 6-7(4) 6-4 7-5 scoreline was, at that stage, the most games played in a women's singles final in the Open era and the match signalled the start of the pair's five-year timeshare of the title.
Evert reversed the result in the 1982 final but was absent in 1983, raising Navratilova's hopes of an easy passage. British No.1 Jo Durie clearly had other ideas in their quarterfinal, using her big serve to push the world No.1 to the brink of defeat in a rain delayed match played over two days.
Surviving, Navratilova faced Kathy Jordan in the final, her 6-2 7-6(5) victory her 50th singles win on the bounce. Navratilova also won the doubles title with Pam Shriver in 1983, becoming only the third woman in the Open era (after Court and Goolagong Cawley) to do the Australian Open double.
The 28-year-old rounded off a hat trick of Australian Open singles titles in 1985, again battling Evert for honors in a 6-2 4-6 6-2 thriller and, while her Australian Open singles tally stopped there, she also amassed eight women's doubles titles (all but the first, in 1980, with Shriver), and one mixed doubles title (with Leander Paes in 2003).
Her final singles appearance, a quarterfinal loss to Helena Sukova in 1989, was only her seventh defeat at the tournament at which she had won a total of 45 singles matches.

Steffi GrafSteffi Graf
Australian champion 1988, 1989, 1990, 1994
The inauguration of the Australian Open's new home Flinders Park in 1988 marked an upswing in Steffi Graf's Australian Open fortunes. Having been knocked out of the 1983 tournament in the first round by Liz Smylie, the Bruhl-born18-year-old hardly broke a sweat on her way to the 1988 final - a showdown against Chris Evert.
With rain in the air and Steffi leading 2-1 in the first set the heavens opened. After a 90-minute delay organisers closed the new centre court's state-of-the-art sliding roof, Steffi adapting rapidly to win the next nine-straight games.
Evert, in what turned out to be her 34th and last appearance in a Slam final, fought back to 6-5 but was ultimately unable to fend off the German. Graf took the title 6-1 7-6(3), claiming the first leg of the 'Golden Grand Slam' that included all four majors and a gold medal at the Atlanta Olympics.
Peppering the lines with her lethal forehand, Steffi made even quicker work of her second Australian Open title in 1989, reaching the final for the loss of 16 games. Played in 38-degree temperatures against Helena Sukova the decider was a close contest, but Steffi rose to the Czech's challenge winning 6-4 6-4.
Bidding for her third-consecutive AO title in 1990, Graf faced her good friend and doubles partner Mary Joe Fernandez in the final. Steady Fernandez earned a 4-1 lead in the second set, after which Graf didn't concede another game. Claiming her eighth Grand Slam title, 6-2 6-4, Steffi insisted she still had "many things to learn" in her post-match press conference.
Graf didn't make another finals appearance in Melbourne until 1994 when she inflicted the Australian Open's fastest final beating in history on Spaniard Arantxa Sanchez Vicario, 6-0 6-2. The match secured Steffi's 80th singles title and rounded off a non-calendar year Grand Slam. She played in Melbourne for the last time in 1999, retiring later that year with a 47-6 record to her name.

Monica SelesMonica Seles
Australian champion 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996
The Australian Open has seen some great comebacks; think Capriati's back-to-back titles in 2001 and 2002, Sampras clawing back to defeat Courier in their 1995 semifinal and Cawley's 1977 post-pregnancy victory. Perhaps the most amazing comeback of all belongs to Monica Seles, however.
Seles made her debut Down Under in 1991 ranked No.1 in the world, winning the tournament at her first attempt for the loss of one set (against Chanda Rubin in the semifinal). In 1992 Seles beat two-time finalist Mary Joe Fernandez for the title and in 1993, her rivalry with Steffi Graf at full throttle, she took down the German 4-6 6-3 6-2, equalling Court and Cawley's triple crowns of the 1970s.
But Seles' dream run turned into a nightmare in April 1993 when she was stabbed in the back by a fanatical Graf fan during a quarterfinal in Hamburg. At the peak of her game, she was sidelined for two years recovering from the physical and mental scars of the incident, not returning to Australian Open competition until 1996.
It was like she had never been away, the Yugoslav-born American 22-year-old cruising through the opening rounds of the tournament and fighting back from a set down against Rubin in the semifinal to take that match in three. In the final Seles defeated Anke Huber of Germany 6-4 6-2. It was the last Grand Slam title of her career and represented an incredible 32-match Australian Open winning streak.
After missing the tournament in 1997 and 1998, Seles raised that tally to 37-consecutive match victories in 1999, losing to eventual champion Martina Hingis in the semifinal. Skipping the tournament again in 2000, she was a quarterfinalist in 2001, a semifinalist in 2002 and played her last Melbourne match in 2003, losing to qualifier Kara Koukalova in the second round to post a formidable win-loss record of 43-4 at the Australian Open.

Martina HingisMartina Hingis
Australian champion 1997, 1998, 1999
If the Australian Open was a prosperous hunting ground for Martina Hingis then she repaid the favor in spades, treating fans to six finals appearances, a hat trick of titles between 1997 and 1999, and a blockbuster championship match in 2002.
Born on 30 September 1980 in Kosice, Slovakia, child tennis prodigy Hingis was named after tennis legend Martina Navratilova.
Making her AO debut in 1995, the Swiss Miss was the youngest player to win a round at a Grand Slam. In 1996 aged 15 she reached the quarterfinal and, her apprenticeship served, came back the very next year seeded No.4 and ready to conquer.
Beating Mary Pierce 6-2 6-2 in the final of Australian Open 1997, Hingis didn't drop a set en route to the title, becoming the youngest player in the 20th century (at 16 years, three months and 26 days) to win a major.
Hingis returned in 1998 seeded No.1, crushing Conchita Martinez 6-3 6-3 in 86 minutes and earning her place in the history books as the youngest player in the Open era to defend a Slam title.
Aged 18, Hingis dropped one set in securing her triple crown in 1999, celebrating with champagne at Brighton Beach's multi-coloured bathing boxes.
While her three-year monopoly of the Open was impressive, Hingis' most memorable match in Melbourne was probably her 2002 final against Jennifer Capriati. The Swiss woman led a set and 4-0, holding four match points before letting Capriati level the match.
Fading in the vicious 52-degree heat the players were given 10 minutes to cool off in ice vests before resuming hostilities. While Hingis took a 2-1 lead in the third, the conditions had taken their toll and she didn't win another game, gallantly conceding 4-6 7-6(7) 6-2.
Following a three-year injury break from the game Hingis returned to Melbourne in 2006 and 2007, making the quarterfinals on both occasions, and rounding off a 52-7 win-loss record before retiring permanently.

Serena WilliamsSerena Williams
Australian champion 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010
By 2003 members of the tennis community would have been forgiven for thinking they'd seen every possible permutation of the Grand Slam. Over the years fans had witnessed double Slams (Rod Laver), doubles Slams (Martina Navratilova and Pam Shriver), non-calendar year Slams (Navratilova) and Golden Slams (Steffi Graf). Leave it to Venus' little sister to find a new way to rock the majors. Backing up 2002 victories at the French Open, Wimbledon and the US Open, she secured her first Australian Open in 2003 for a set of four she dubbed the 'Serena Slam'.
"Really only a handful of people have been able to do it, I guess it's a really special feeling," said Serena after defeating her sister in the final, insisting a non-calendar Slam carried as much credibility as a calendar one. "In order to win four in a row…you have to be pretty serious. I think that anyone would want to say they were (holder of a Grand Slam) if they won four in a row."
Born in Saginaw, Michigan on 26 September 1981, Serena was 22-years-old when she won the fifth major of her career in Melbourne, but amazingly her version of the sport's greatest achievement wasn't her biggest claim to Australian Open fame.
That came four years later in 2007 when, unseeded, ranked No.81 in the world and a way off peak fitness, she steamrollered six seeds to become the third-lowest ranked player in history to win a Grand Slam title. Twice, against Nadia Petrova and Shahar Peer, Serena stood just points from defeat only to battle through, ultimately crushing world No.1 Maria Sharapova 6-1 6-2 in the final, shocking all but the champion herself.
"Like I always say, if I'm playing good, it's hard for anyone. Doesn't matter what they're ranked," she said of the victory that catapulted her back up the rankings to No.14 and reestablished her as a title contender.

The 2009 tournament saw Serena continue her streak of winning the Australian Open in odd-numbered years, following her victories in 2003, 2005 and 2007. This time, as the No.2 seed, her dominant performance came as no surprise. Upon reaching the quarterfinals, Williams faced a Russian at each subsequent hurdle; after squeezing past Svetlana Kuznetsova in three sets, the American waltzed through her semifinal, crushing Elena Dementieva 6-3 6-4. Pitted against No.1 seed Dinara Safina for the title, Williams produced a stunning display in conceding just three games to her bewildered opponent, taking her fourth Australian Open. In doing so, she joined Margaret Court, Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Monica Seles and Steffi Graf as the only women to have lifted the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Trophy four times in the Open Era. Aged just 27 years old at the time, Williams cemented her place amongst the champions of the Australian Open, as well as indicating that she was not finished just yet. "I feel I can go forever. I talk to Venus, and we're always like, 'We're going to play forever.' I definitely feel like I have so many years to play," she said after the win, her tenth major title.

Serena's win in 2010 was significant for the American as she ended her pattern of winning in Australia in odd number years. The defending champion claimed her twelfth Grand Slam title over arch rival Justine Henin in three tough sets. It was the first time the two had played against each other in a Grand Slam final.


HALL OF FAME


Daphne Jessie Akhurst

Daphne Jessie Akhurst

Born 22 April 1903
Died 9 January 1933
Place of birth Ashfield, NSW
Singles champion
Australian 1925, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1930
Doubles champion
Australian 1924, 1925, 1928, 1929, 1931
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1924, 1925, 1928, 1929
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2006

Daphne Akhurst captured five Australian singles and doubles titles and the mixed four times, an achievement that was unsurpassed until 1951 when Nancy Bolton won her sixth Australian title. Born in Ashfield, NSW, in 1903, Akhurst showed promise as a pianist growing up. She studied at the State Conservatorium of Music and become a music teacher but it was her achievements on court that she is best known for. In 1925 Akhurst was part of the first women's team to travel overseas. She competed at Wimbledon and made the quarterfinals. In 1928 she would make the semifinals in singles and doubles, and the final of the mixed doubles at The All England Club. During this period, Akhurst enjoyed an unprecedented run of success, winning the women's singles title at the Australian Championships in 1925, 1926, 1928 and 1929-1930. Akhurst died on 9 January 1933 of an ectopic pregnancy at the age of 29. The winner of the Australian Open women's singles final is presented with the Daphne Akhurst Memorial Cup.

Malcolm Anderson

Malcolm Anderson

Born 3 March 1935
Place of birth Theodore, Qld
Singles champion
United States 1957
Doubles champion
French 1957
Australian 1973
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1957
Representation
Davis Cup 1957-58, 1972-73
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2001
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2000

In 1957, Malcolm Anderson was the first unseeded player to win the US National Singles Championship. In the same year he made the final of the Australian Championships, but lost to Ashley Cooper. In 1958 he made the finals of the US National Singles Championship and the Australian Championships, but lost both to Cooper. Anderson started to play tennis at the age of eight and became serious about the game in his teenage years. He represented Australia in Davis Cup in 1957, 1958, 1972 and 1973 (Australia won in 1957 and 1973). In 1957-1958, Anderson was at his peak, reaching his career-high ranking of No.2. Also in 1957, he captured the doubles title at the French National Championships with Ashley Cooper. But it would be a further 16 years before Anderson would taste major doubles success again, this time he captured the Australian Open doubles title alongside John Newcombe in 1973. In 2000, Anderson was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame and in 2001 he was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame.

Nancye (Wynne) Bolton

Nancye (Wynne) Bolton

Born 10 June 1916
Died 9 November 2001
Place of birth Melbourne, Vic
Singles champion
Australian 1937, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1951
Doubles champion
Australian 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2001
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2006

Nancy Bolton remembered for winning 20 Australian titles, the only woman to win more is Margaret Court with 21. In 1940, 1947 and 1948 she pulled off the rare feat of winning the singles, doubles and mixed titles. In 1938, Bolton became the first Australian woman to play in a US Championship final, she was 22. Bolton attained her career-high ranking of No.4 in 1947 and stayed in that position until 1949. Bolton was renowned for her powerful forehand and overall solid groundstrokes. She was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2001 and into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2006.

Lesley (Turner) Bowrey

Lesley (Turner) Bowrey

Born 16 August 1942
Place of birth Trangie, NSW
Singles champion
French 1963, 1965
Doubles champion
Australian 1964, 1965, 1967
French 1964, 1965
Wimbledon 1964
United States 1961
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1962, 1967
Wimbledon 1961, 1964
Representation
Federation Cup 1963-65, 1967
Federation Cup Captain 1994-2000
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in August 1998
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1997

Between 1961 and 1967, Lesley Bowrey won 13 major titles, including two French Open singles titles, seven doubles and four mixed. She was a runner-up on 14 occasions in Grand Slam tournaments. Bowrey participated in the inaugural Federation Cup competition in 1963 and represented Australia in 13 ties for 13 wins and six losses. She captained Australia's Fed Cup team between 1994 and 2000. In 1997, Bowrey was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame. In the same year she was presented with the Sarah Palfrey Danzig Award. This award is given to the female player who by character, sportsmanship, manners, and spirit of cooperation has contributed to the growth of the game of tennis. One year later, in 1998, Bowrey was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame.

John Bromwich

John Bromwich

Born 14 November 1918
Died 21 October 1999
Place of birth Kogarah, NSW
Singles champion
Australian 1939, 1946
Doubles champion
Australian 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
Wimbledon 1948, 1950
United States 1939, 1949, 1950
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1938
Wimbledon 1947, 1948
United States 1947
Representation
Davis Cup 1937-1939, 1946-47, 1949-50
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1996
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1984

John Bromwich is remembered for forging a highly successful doubles team with Adrian Quist. The pair was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1984 thanks to their partnership, which yielded 10 major titles. A prolific doubles champion, Bromwich also tasted singles success, winning the Australian Championships singles title in 1939 and 1946, and came close to winning the men's singles final at Wimbledon in 1948. Eventually he lost that match in five sets to Bab Fakenburg. Bromwich was a member of Australia's successful Davis Cup squads in 1939 and 1950. He was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 1996.

Sir Norman Brookes

Sir Norman Brookes

Born 14 November 1877
Died 28 September 1968
Place of birth Melbourne, Vic
Singles champion
Australian 1911
Wimbledon 1907, 1914
Doubles champion
Australian 1924
Wimbledon 1907, 1914
United States 1919
Representation
Davis Cup 1905, 1907-09, 1912, 1914, 1920
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in June 1996
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1977

Sir Norman Brookes, or "The Wizard" as he was known, was the first foreign male to win Wimbledon, a feat he accomplished in 1907. Brookes was known for his all-court game, which was a mixture of solid ground strokes backed up by a well-varied serve. Brookes won his home major in 1911 and three years later captured the singles and doubles titles at Wimbledon. It was the first time he'd returned to the All England Club since his first win there seven years earlier. More doubles success followed for Brookes in the United States in 1919 and in Australia in 1924. Following his retirement, Brookes became a renowned tennis administrator. In 1926 he became the president of the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, a position he held until 1955. The men's singles trophy at the Australian Open, the Norman Brookes Challenge Cup, is named in his honour.

Pat Cash

Pat Cash

Born 27 May 1965
Place of birth Melbourne, Vic
Singles champion
Wimbledon 1987
Representation
Davis Cup 1983-90
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2003

Pat Cash's greatest on-court achievement was winning the men's singles title at Wimbledon in 1987. After claiming the title he climbed into the stands to celebrate with his family and coach. This practice has now almost become de rigueur among Wimbledon winners. Cash made the final of the Australian Open twice - 1987 and 1988 - but lost on both occasions to Stefan Edberg and Mats Wilander respectively. The Australian was a renowned serve and volleyer whose game flourished on grass. He was a regular Davis Cup representative for Australia and was a part of Australia's winning teams in 1983 and 1986. He finished with a 31-10 Davis Cup record over eight years.

Ashley Cooper

Ashley Cooper

Born 15 September 1936
Place of birth Melbourne, Vic
Singles champion
Australian 1957, 1958
United States 1958
Wimbledon 1958
Doubles champion
Australian 1958
French 1957, 1958
United States 1957
Representation
Davis Cup 1957-58
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in August 1996
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1996

Ashley Cooper was an attacking player with smooth ground strokes and poise at the net. In 1958 he came close to completing the Grand Slam, but fell in the semifinals at the French. He is one of only nine men to win three majors in a season. He won back-to-back Australian titles in 1957 and 1958, and featured in Australia's Davis Cup team in both years. In 1957 the Australians triumphed over the United States 3-2, but in 1958 the result was reversed, with the Americans defeating the Australians 3-2. In 1996 he was inducted into both the International Tennis Hall of Fame and the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame. In the Queen's Birthday Honours List of 2007, he was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) for his service to tennis.

Ashley Cooper

Margaret (Smith) Court

Born 16 July 1942
Place of birth Albury, NSW
Singles champion
Australian 1960-1966, 1969-1971, 1973
French 1962, 1964, 1969-1970, 1973
United States 1962, 1965, 1969-1970, 1973
Wimbledon 1963, 1965, 1970
Doubles champion
Australian 1961-63, 65, 69-71, 73
French 1964-66, 73
Wimbledon 1964, 1969
United States 1963, 1968, 1970, 1973, 1975
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1963, 1964
French 1963-65, 69
Wimbledon 1963, 65-66, 68, 75
United States 1961-65, 69-70, 72
Representation
Federation Cup 1963-1965, 1968-1970
Federation Cup Captain 1965, 1968, 1971
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 1993
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1979
Sport Australia Hall of Fame Legend 1998

Dubbed "The Arm" by Billie Jean King, Court amassed a list of tournament wins that is yet to be rivalled. She is one of only three players to complete the "boxed set" - by winning the singles, doubles and mixed titles at all four majors. A strong player known for her heavy ground strokes and powerful serve, Court collected 62 major titles in singles, doubles and mixed, her closest rival is Martina Navratilova with 56. In 1970, Margaret Court completed the Grand Slam, and is one of only three women to complete this feat. She finished the year as No.1 three times - 1969, 1970 and 1973.

Jack Crawford

Jack Crawford

Born 22 March 1908
Died 10 September 1991
Place of birth Albury, NSW

Singles champion
Australian 1931, 1932, 1933, 1935
French 1933
Wimbledon 1933
Doubles champion
Australian 1929, 1930, 1932, 1935
French 1935
Wimbledon 1935
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1931, 1932, 1933
French 1933
Wimbledon 1930
Representation
Davis Cup 1928, 1930, 1932-37, 1939
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in May 1997
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1979

A stylish and sporting player, "Gentleman Jack" Crawford came within one set of completing the Grand Slam in 1933. He captured the Australian, French and Wimbledon titles, but fell in five sets in the United States final. Apart from singles success, Crawford also captured six doubles titles and five mixed doubles titles. He won three-straight Australian mixed titles with his wife, Marjorie Cox Crawford between 1931 and 1933. Crawford was a proud Davis Cup representative and finished with a 36-21 win-loss record. He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1979 and the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 1997.

Mark Edmondson

Mark Edmondson

Born 24 June 1954
Place of birth Gosford, NSW
Singles champion
Australian 1976
Doubles champion
Australian 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984
French 1985
Representation
Davis Cup 1977, 1979-1985
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2007

Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2007, Mark Edmondson is famously remembered as the last Australian player to win the Australian Open. A rank outsider to win the title, world No.212 Edmondson came up against countryman John Newcombe in the final at Kooyong. Edmondson was unseeded, while Newcombe was the No.2 seed and fancied to win his third Australian singles title. But 21-year-old Edmondson had other ideas and overcame Newcombe in the final in four sets, 6-7 6-3 7-6 6-1. Edmondson went on to win five Grand Slam doubles titles and become a regular representative for his country in Davis Cup. He finished with a 19-10 win-loss record in Davis Cup.

Roy Emerson

Roy Emerson

Born 3 November 1936
Place of birth Blackbutt, Qld
Singles champion
Australian 1961, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966,1967
French 1963, 1967
United States 1961, 1964
Wimbledon 1964, 1965
Doubles champion
Australian 1962, 1966, 1969
French 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965
United States 1959, 1960, 1965, 1966
Wimbledon 1959, 1961, 1971
Representation
Davis Cup 1959-67
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1994
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1982

Roy Emerson was a slim and athletic player whose career bridged the amateur and Open eras. He came close to completing the Grand Slam in 1964 but fell in the quarterfinals to Italy's Nicola Pietrangeli. Emerson played during what was considered Australia's golden period of tennis. He played in eight winning Davis Cup teams, an incredible achievement. A gifted doubles player, Emerson had a reputation for being able to make any partner look good. Emerson won doubles titles at all of the majors at least three times, proving his skill on all surfaces. Emerson was famously quoted as saying: "You should never complain about an injury. We believe that if you play, then you aren't injured, and that's that."

Neale Fraser

Neale Fraser

Born 3 October 1933
Place of birth Melbourne, Vic
Singles champion
United States 1959, 1960
Wimbledon 1960
Doubles champion
Australian 1957, 1958, 1962
French 1958, 1960, 1962
Wimbledon 1959, 1961
United States 1957, 1959, 1960
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1959
Wimbledon 1962
United States 1958, 1959, 1960
Representation
Davis Cup 1955-1963
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in March 1994
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1984

Neale Fraser was a strong player known for his tough ground strokes and big serve. He was a driven competitor and was known for his athleticism. Fraser won three singles titles, but it was in doubles that he racked up the majors. In 1959 and 1960 he dominated the United States Championships, winning the singles, doubles and mixed titles in both years. He was a committed Davis Cup player and finished with an imposing 18-3 win-loss record. Fraser's commitment to Davis Cup included 23 years as non-playing captain. Fraser guided Australian teams to four titles in 1973, 1977, 1983 and 1986. In 2008 he was awarded the ITF's highest accolade - the Philippe Chatrier award for outstanding achievements in tennis.

Evonne Goolagong Cawley

Evonne Goolagong Cawley

Born 31 July 1951
Place of birth Griffith, NSW

Singles champion
Australian 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977
French 1971
Wimbledon 1971, 1980
Doubles champion
Australian 1971, 1974, 1975, 1976
Wimbledon 1974
Mixed doubles champion
French 1972
Representation
Fed Cup 1970, 1972-76, 1982
Fed Cup Captain 2002-2004
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1994
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1988
Sport Australia Hall of Fame Legend

Evonne Goolagong Cawley was ranked in the top 10 for nine years and climbed to the top of the rankings for one week in 1976. She won four consecutive Australian championships between 1974 and 1977 and finished her career with 13 majors. A player renowned for her grace and speed around the court, Goolagong Cawley started playing as a young girl by hitting a ball against a wall with an apple crate board. Goolagong Cawley came close to completing a career Grand Slam, the US Open was the only major to elude her. She lost four consecutive finals there between 1973 and 1976. She did, however, win Wimbledon as a mother in 1980, becoming only the second woman in history to do so.

Lew Hoad

Lew Hoad

Born 23 November 1934
Died 3 July 1994
Place of birth Glebe, NSW
Singles champion
Australian 1956
French 1956
Wimbledon 1956, 1957
Doubles champion
Australian 1953, 1956, 1957
French 1953
Wimbledon 1953, 1955, 1956
United States 1956
Mixed doubles champion
French 1954
Representation
Davis Cup 1952-1956
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1995
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980

A player who was admired for his attacking play, Lew Hoad was a feared foe on the court. Pancho Gonzalez was in awe of Hoad's talent: "When Lew's game was at its peak nobody could touch him." In 1956 he came close to completing the Grand Slam, but was defeated in the United States final by countryman Ken Rosewall. He had one last crack at the Grand Slam in 1957 (winning only Wimbledon), so then decided to turn pro in 1958. Hoad and Ken Rosewall formed a formidable reputation in Davis Cup ties, with the two 19 year olds successfully defending the cup in 1953 against the Americans. Between 1952 and 1956 Hoad was involved in four Davis Cup victories, all over the United States. His career was cut short in the 1960s due to a back problem.

Harry Hopman

Harry Hopman

Born 12 August 1906
Died 27 December 1985
Place of birth Glebe, NSW
Doubles champion
Australian 1929, 1930
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1930, 1936, 1937, 1939
United States 1939
Representation
Davis Cup 1928, 1930, 1932, 1938-1939
Davis Cup Captain 1938, 1939, 1950-1969
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in December 1996
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1978

Harry Hopman was a successful doubles and mixed doubles player, who amassed seven majors in a 10-year period. Hopman is best known as Australia's most successful Davis Cup captain of all time. Hopman guided Australian teams to 16 cups between 1939 and 1967. A strong believer in fitness, Hopman inspired his Davis Cup teams to great heights during his tenure as captain. Hopman was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 1996 and the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1978. He has been further honoured by having the Hopman Cup named after him.

Rod Laver

Rod Laver

Born 9 August 1938
Place of birth Rockhampton, Qld
Grand Slam 1962, 1969
Singles champion
Australian 1960, 1962, 1969
French 1962, 1969
United States 1962, 1969
Wimbledon 1961, 1962, 1968, 1969
Doubles champion
Australian 1959, 1960, 1961, 1969
French 1961
Wimbledon 1971
Mixed doubles champion
French 1961
Wimbledon 1959, 1960
Representation
Davis Cup 1958-1962, 1973
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1993
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1981
Sport Australia Hall of Fame Legend

Dubbed "Rocket" Rod Laver by then Davis Cup captain Harry Hopman, Laver was the second man to complete the Grand Slam in 1962 after American Don Budge first won all four majors in a season. In 1969, Rocket became the only person to win the Grand Slam twice. A powerful left-hander who sent the ball hurtling over the net laden with topspin, Laver was a driven competitor whose attacking play won him many titles. He dominated the 1960s, winning 17 of his 20 titles in this decade. Laver racked up a formidable 20-4 win-loss record in Davis Cup ties and was part of five winning teams during his career. In January 2000, centre court at Melbourne Park was named Rod Laver Arena in honour of Laver's achievements.

Thelma (Coyne) Long

Thelma (Coyne) Long

Born 14 October 1918
Place of birth Sydney, NSW
Singles Champion
Australian 1952, 1954
Doubles champion
Australian 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1956, 1958
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955
French 1956
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2002

Thelma Long was the winner of 20 majors over a 22-year period. She was especially successful in doubles, capturing 12 Australian doubles titles. Long still holds the record as the oldest Australian singles champion, she was 35 years and 8 months old in 1954 when she won her second Australian singles Championship. She also holds the record for winning the most Australian doubles titles (12). And she makes up one half of the team that holds the record for winning the most Australian doubles titles (10) with Nancye Wynne Bolton. In 1960, Long became a coach and was mentor to many junior players in her home state of New South Wales. In 1985 Tennis NSW awarded Long with life membership of the state association. In 2000, she was awarded the Australian Sports medal and in 2002 she was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame.

Ken McGregor

Ken McGregor

Born 2 June 1929
Died 1 December 2007
Place of birth Adelaide
Grand Slam (doubles) 1951
Singles champion
Australian 1952
Doubles champion
Australian 1951, 1952
French 1951, 1952
Wimbledon 1951, 1952
United States 1951
Mixed doubles champion
United States 1950
Representation
Davis Cup 1950-1952
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2000
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1999

Winner of nine titles, McGregor completed the doubles Grand Slam in 1951 with compatriot Frank Sedgman. The pair won seven consecutive majors together from 1951 to 1952 - a feat that has never been equalled. McGregor was a tall, strong serve and volleyer who was a surprise selection in Australia's 1950 Davis Cup team. The selection was proved correct when McGregor won his first singles rubber and helped the Australians to victory over the Americans. Between 1950 and 1952 McGregor made the final of the Australian Championships, winning it once in 1952 when he beat his doubles partner, Sedgman. McGregor retired from tennis at 25 to play Australian Rules football, playing five seasons for West Adelaide in the SANFL. McGregor was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1999 and the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2000.

John Newcombe

John Newcombe

Born 23 May 1944
Place of birth Sydney, NSW
Singles champion
Australian 1973, 1975
Wimbledon 1967, 1970, 1971
United States 1967, 1973
Doubles champion
Australian 1965, 1967, 1971, 1973, 1976
French 1967, 1969, 1973
Wimbledon 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1974
United States 1967, 1971, 1973
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1965
United States 1964
Representation
Davis Cup 1963-1967, 1973, 1975, 1976
Davis Cup Davis Cup Captain 1994-2001
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 1998
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1986

As a player, John Newcombe was strong, athletic and a great competitor. His serve, volley and forehand were his most formidable weapons and he used them to devastating effect. He helped himself to seven Grand Slam singles titles, winning all bar the French. John Newcombe and Tony Roche won 12 Grand Slam doubles titles together - more than any other men's team in tennis history. Newcombe would eventually claim 17 doubles majors by the end of his career. He was part of four winning Davis Cup teams, four of which were successive victories between 1964 and 1967. In 1994 he was named Davis Cup captain and led Australia to a 3-2 win over France in the 1999 Davis Cup final.

Gerald Patterson

Gerald Patterson

Born 17 December 1895
Died 13 June 1967
Place of birth Preston, Vic
Singles champion
Australian 1927
Wimbledon 1919, 1922
Doubles champion
Australian 1914, 1922, 1925, 1926, 1927
Mixed doubles champion
Wimbledon 1920
Representation
Davis Cup 1919, 1920, 1922, 1924, 1925, 1928
Davis Cup Captain 1946
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in August 1997
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1989

Tall and well-built, Gerald Patterson played a strong serve-and-volley game that won him three major singles. Patterson was known as the "Human Catapult" for his powerful serve that many of the top players had trouble returning. Nephew of Dame Nellie Melba, who was Patterson's No.1 fan, he was somewhat ahead of his time, using a steel racquet strung with wire in 1925. He also enjoyed great success representing Australia in Davis Cup and amassed a 32-14 win-loss record (singles 21-10, doubles 11-4) and was part of the winning team in 1919.

Adrian Quist
Born
23 January 1913
Died 17 November 1991
Place of birth Medindie, SA

Singles champion
Australian 1936, 1940, 1948
Doubles champion
Australian 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950
French 1935
Wimbledon 1935, 1950
United States 1939
Representation
Davis Cup 1933-1939, 1946, 1948
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in May 1998
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1984


Best known as one half of the successful doubles duo "Bromwich and Quist", Adrian Quist showed he was a talented singles player as well, winning three Australian titles. Quist won 10 successive Australian doubles titles - a record that still stands today. The last eight of those he won with John Bromwich, while the first two were secured with Don Turnbull. With an all-court game and sharp volleys, Quist was also an important member of Australia's Davis Cup team. He played important roles in the 1939 championship team, winning the doubles with Bromwich and then winning his reverse singles rubber in five sets against American great Bobby Riggs.


Patrick RafterPatrick Rafter
Born
28 December 1972
Place of birth Mt Isa, Qld

Singles champion

United States 1997, 1998

Doubles champion
Australian 1999
Representation
Davis Cup 1994-2001
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2008
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2006


Popular both on and off the court, Pat Rafter captured back-to-back US Open titles in 1997 and 1998 - the only Australian to complete this feat in the Open era. Rafter was well known for his serve and volley style, which suited the grass courts of Wimbledon where he was a dual finalist in 2000 and 2001 and semifinalist in 1999. He also made the semis at the Australian and French Opens. Rafter was revered for his sportsmanship, which saw him awarded with the Arthur Ashe Humanitarian Award in 1998 and four ATP Stefan Edberg Sportsmanship Awards in 1997 and 1999-01. A winner of 11 ATP singles titles and 10 doubles titles, including Australian Open 1999 (w/Jonas Bjorkman, SWE), Rafter was also a regular inclusion in Australia's Davis Cup teams between 1994 and 2001. He finished with a 21-11 win-loss record (18-10 singles, 3-1 doubles).


Tony RocheTony Roche
Born 17 May 1945
Place of birth Tarcutta, NSW


Singles champion
French 1966
Doubles champion
Australian 1965, 1967, 1971, 1976
French 1967, 1969
Wimbledon 1965, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1974
United States 1967
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1966
Wimbledon 1976
Representation
Davis Cup 1964-1967, 1974, 1976-1978
Davis Cup coach 1994-2000
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 1998
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1986


Tony Roche enjoyed startling success on the doubles court with his long-time partner John Newcombe. The two snared 12 major doubles titles together, including five Wimbledon championships. Roche possessed a difficult left-hand serve and was an attacking volleyer. These skills helped him claim the 1966 French title - his only major singles win. He finished runner-up on several occasions - twice at the French (1965 and 1967, twice in the United States (1969 and 1970) and once at Wimbledon (1968). A keen Davis Cup player, Roche racked up a 14-5 win-loss record (7-3 singles, 7-2 doubles) and was a part of the 1965, 1966, 1967 and 1977 Australian Davis Cup wins. After retiring, Roche became a successful coach and has mentored world No.1 players including Ivan Lendl, Patrick Rafter, Lleyton Hewitt and Roger Federer.

Mervyn RoaseMervyn Rose
Born
23 January 1930
Place of birth Coffs Harbour


Singles champion
Australian 1954
French 1958
Doubles champion
Australian 1954
United States 1952, 1953
Wimbledon 1954
Mixed doubles champion
Wimbledon 1957
Representation
Davis Cup 1950-1954, 1957
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2002
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2001


In 1954 Rose won the singles and doubles titles at his home major - the Australian Championships. He represented Australia in two Davis Cup ties - both finals against the United States. On both occasions Australia won the Davis Cup. A winner of seven Grand Slam titles, Mervyn Rose enjoyed a successful career first as a player and later as a coach. He has coached players including Billie Jean King, Margaret Court, Arantxa Sanchez-Vicario, Eleni Daniilidou and Nadia Petrova. In 2001 he was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame and one year later he was made a member of the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame.


Ken RosewallKen Rosewall
Born 2 November 1934
Place of birth Sydney, NSW


Singles champion
Australian 1953, 1955, 1971, 1972
French 1953, 1968
United States 1956, 1970
Doubles champion
Australian 1953, 1956, 1972
French 1953, 1968
Wimbledon 1953, 1956
United States 1956, 1969
Mixed doubles champion
United States 1956
Representation
Davis Cup 1953-1956, 1973, 1975
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1995
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1980


Rosewall, "Muscles" to his friends, was one of the Australian greats of tennis. In a career that continued into his 40s, Rosewall amassed a collection of 18 major titles and achieved a career doubles Grand Slam. One of the finest players to not win Wimbledon, Rosewall made it to the final at The All England Club on four occasions (1954, 1956, 1970 and 1974). While he wasn't the strongest player on court, Rosewall used placement and court speed to make up for any lack of physical presence. He was well known for his enviable backhand, balance and excellent anticipation. He famously teamed with Lew Hoad - the pair was born 21 days apart - to defend the Davis Cup in 1953. Rosewall finished with an impressive 19-3 win-loss record in Davis Cup and was a member of the winning Australian teams in 1953, 1955, 1956 and 1973.


Frank SedgmanFrank Sedgman
Born
29 October 1927
Place of birth Mont Albert, Vic


Singles champion
Australian 1949, 1950
Wimbledon 1952
United States 1951, 1952
Doubles champion
Australian 1951, 1952
French 1951, 1952
Wimbledon 1948, 1951, 1952
United States 1950, 1951
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1949 1950
French 1951, 1952
Wimbledon 1951, 1952
United States 1951, 1952
Representation
Davis Cup 1949-1952
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1996
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1979


It only took Frank Sedgman four years to amass 22 major titles. It would be an understatement to say that Sedgman dominated for a few years in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Out of the 24 major trophies on offer in 1951 and 1952, Sedgman won 16 of them, including a doubles Grand Slam in 1951 with countryman Ken McGregor. Quick around the court, Sedgman was known for his impeccable net play. An exponent of the serve-and-volley game, Sedgman was extremely fit. He made his first foray in Davis Cup competition in 1949 and helped Australia to the final, where they lost 4-1 to the Americans. The following year, Sedgman and co. turned the tables on the Americans, winning the cup 4-1. Sedgman helped Australia to retain the Cup in 1951 and 1952 and finished with a 25-3 win-loss record.


Fred StolleFred Stolle
Born 8 October 1938
Place of birth Hornsby, NSW


Singles champion
French 1965
United States 1966
Doubles champion
Australian 1963, 1964, 1966
French 1965, 1968
Wimbledon 1962, 1964
United States 1965, 1966, 1969
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1962, 1969
Wimbledon 1961, 1964, 1969
Representation
Davis Cup 1964-1966
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1997
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1985


Tall and competitive, Fred Stolle was known for his powerful serve, accurate volleys and fluid backhand. He won all four doubles majors, but was unable to replicate this feat in singles. He was runner-up at Wimbledon three times (1963, 1964 and 1965) and twice at the Australian Championships (1964 and 1965). Stolle enjoyed success in Davis Cup competition and was part of Australia's winning teams in 1964, 1965 and 1966. He finished with a 13-3 win-loss record (10-2 singles, 3-1 doubles). Following his retirement, Stolle swapped his racquet for the microphone and has enjoyed a successful career as a TV commentator. He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1985 and into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 1997.

Brian TobinBrian Tobin
Born 5 December 1930
Place of birth Perth, WA


Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in January 2004
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2003


Achievements
President International Tennis Federation 1991-1999
President Tennis Australia 1977-1989
Council Tennis Australia 1965-1989
Men's Professional Tennis Council 1982-1989
Women's Professional Tennis Council 1983-1985
Federation Cup Captain 1964-1967
Australian Top 10 ranked player 1956-1962
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame 2003
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame January 2004


Brian Tobin has dedicated over 40 years of his life to tennis. During this time he was President of Tennis Australia between 1977 and 1989 and was President of the ITF between 1991 and 1999.

Wendy TurnbullWendy Turnbull
Born
26 November 1952
Place of birth Brisbane, Qld


Doubles champion
French 1979
Wimbledon 1978
United States 1979, 1982
Mixed doubles champion
French 1979, 1982
Wimbledon 1983, 1984
United States 1980
Representation
Fed Cup
Olympics Seoul 1988 Doubles bronze medal (w/Elizabeth Smylie, AUS)
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2009

Turnbull turned pro in 1975 and was quickly nicknamed "Rabbit'' by her peers, such was her foot speed around the court. In an illustrious career she made the final of every Grand Slam except Wimbledon. Turnbull's consistency on the Tour was exceptional, achieving a top 10 year-end world ranking for eight consecutive years (1977-1984) and a year-end top 20 ranking for 10 straight years (1977-1986). She achieved her highest singles ranking in January 1985. In doubles she paired with Kerrie Reid to win the 1978 Wimbledon crown, with Betty Stove to win the 1979 US and French titles, and with Rosemary Casals to

win the 1982 US Open. She also made another 11 major doubles finals, won five mixed doubles titles
and teamed with Liz Smylie to win the bronze medal at the 1988 Seoul Olympics.

Todd WoodbridgeTodd Woodbridge

Born 2 April 1971

Place of birth Sydney, NSW

Doubles champion
Australian 1992, 1997, 2001
French 2000
Wimbledon 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004
United States 1995, 1996, 2003
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1993
French 1995
Wimbledon 1994
United States 1990, 1993, 2001

Representation
David Cup 1991-99, 2001-2005
Hall of Fame
Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in Jan 2010Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2010 Sport Australia Hall of Fame Legend 2008Woodbridge formed half of arguably the most successful doubles combination in history, pairing with compatriot Mark Woodforde to win 11 Grand Slam doubles titles and five straight Wimbledon titles (both records) as well as an Olympic gold medal at Atlanta in 1996. From 1996 to 1997 the "Woodies" came within one match of holding all four major doubles titles simultaneously, winning the Wimbledon, US Open and Australian Open trophies before falling in the French Open final. Woodforde retired shortly after the pair claimed the 2000 Roland Garros title - completing their Grand Slam set - and Woodbridge began a successful partnership with Sweden's Jonas Bjorkman that reaped a further five major doubles titles. Part of Australia's winning Davis Cup teams in 1999 and 2003, Woodbridge retired after the 2005 Wimbledon championships with a record-breaking 83 doubles titles. He also proved an adept singles player, peaking at world No.19 in May 1997, reaching the Wimbledon semifinals the same year and winning two career singles titles.

Mark WoodfordeMark Woodforde

Born 23 September 1965

Place of birth Adelaide, SA

Doubles championAustralian 1992, 1997
French 2000
Wimbledon 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000
United States 1989, 1995, 1996
Mixed doubles champion
Australian 1992, 1996
French 1992
Wimbledon 1993
United States 1992

Representation
David Cup 1988-89, 1993-2000

Hall of Fame

Inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in Jan 2010
Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2010
Sport Australia Hall of Fame Legend 2008
Woodforde combined with fellow Aussie Todd Woodbridge to form one of the greatest doubles combinations in history - their records include 11 Grand Slam doubles titles and five straight Wimbledon trophies. Alongside Woodbridge, Woodforde also won Olympic gold in 1996 at Atlanta and silver at Sydney in 2000, won 14 doubles rubbers in Davis Cup play and was part of the winning Australian team in 1999. In singles, Woodforde's highlights included an Australian Open semifinal in 1996, a career-best ranking of No.19 in April 1996, and four titles. Woodforde retired at the end of the 2000 season with 67 doubles titles (61 won as one half of the "Woodies") and alongside Woodbridge has since been inducted into the Australian Tennis, International Tennis and Sport Australia halls of fame.


SEE ALSO:
Past Winners